Permission and Sources

All these stories are in the public domain and available to storytellers for retelling. Acknowledgment of both Carol McGirr and StorySave is requested, as appropriate.

The Laxdala Saga. Main source: The Laxdala Saga by Hermon Palsson and Magnus Magnusson (Penguin Classics, Harmondsworth, 1969). Secondary sources: The Laxdaela Saga by Margaret Arent (University of Washington Press, Seattle, 1964); The Complpete Sagas of the Icelanders. Vidar Hreinsson, General Editor (Viking Age Classics, Leifur Eriksson Publishing, Reykjavik, 1997); From the Sagas of Norse Kings by Snorri Sturluson (Dreyers Forlag, Oslo, 1967). Also research and travel by Carol McGirr.

“The Legend of Saemund the Wise.” Saemund’s story is referred to throughout Iceland. Carol has woven the telling from these references.

“Audun and the Bear.” Hrafnkel’s Saga and Other Icelandic Stories (Penguin Classics, Hammondsworth, 1971.

“The Girl Who Took a Snake for a Husband.” The Dreamer Awakes by Alice Kane (Broadview Press, Peterborough, 1995). An Albanian Wonder Tale.

“The Ugly Duckling.” By Hans Christian Andersen, in various translations.

“The Owl Was a Baker’s Daughter.” As heard from storyteller, Sandra MacCallum, at 1001 Friday Nights of Storytelling (Toronto).